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People accustomed to city residences perhaps aren’t conscious of the wide world of well water and how water well pumps work.

For those who live in more rural settings or just prefer well water, then you are probably already familiar with many of the things mentioned in this article.

Knowing how wells work is important to ensure that you have the best functioning system for your that not only optimized energy and financial resources but ultimately achieves the goal of consistently providing your home with safe, drinkable well water from a local source.

That’s why we made this Ultimate Guide to How Water Well Pumps Work so you can learn more about how the process works and what types of water well pumps are available on the market!

Types of Water Well Pumps

These are the main categories of water well pumps, but there are certainly more varieties. From things like shallow and deep water pumps to single and double drop jet pumps, there are many options when it comes to accessing well water in your home.

Submersible Pumps

This type of water pump system is “submersed” into the well itself under the water line. These pumps are extremely effective for providing well water to your home at a consistent pressure.

Jet Pumps

Jet pumps circulating the water through a loop system to deliver water to your home from your well. The term “jet” refers to the force used to force water up from the depths of a well. These electric pumps come in several types: shallow well jet pumps, deep well jet pumps, and convertible jet pumps.

Hand Pumps

Hand pumps are classic and still an efficient way to access water manually from your well. Even better, hand pumps are reliable during power outages so that you can stay hydrated and still have running water without in a time of potential crisis.

How Water Well Pumps Work

Different types of water well pumps function in different ways. 

Jet pumps operate by using suction from atmospheric pressure to draw up water from the well, either in a single drop, double drop, or jet pump system. They are usually mounted above the well and use a combination of suction pipes, a water impeller, and an electric motor to have access to well water in your home and plumbing system.

Jet pumps create suction in a rather novel way…The impeller moves water, called drive water, from the well through a narrow orifice, or jet, mounted in the housing in front of the impeller. This constriction at the jet causes the speed of the moving water to increase, much like the nozzle on a garden hose.

As the water leaves the jet, a partial vacuum is created that sucks additional water from the well…The pumped water–new water that’s drawn from the well by the suction at the jet–then combines with the drive water to discharge into the plumbing system at high pressure.

-Popular Mechanics

Submersible water pumps have been around in some form since the 1920s and are cylindrical in shape. These pumps work by being first mounted to a plastic water pipe then lowered into the well. The submersed pump can be pushed further down into the water and uses suction pumping to pull water up through the pump and into a pressure tank or other water pipes.

Other Well Water Pump Components

All well users know that you need more than just a solid pump and water in your well to be fully in business. From having the right type of pump for your well, here are a couple of other things you may need for your home:

Pressure Tanks

Pressure tanks are important for all well users because they allow well water to be stored and regulated before entering your home. They automatically work with submersible or booster water pump systems and can store extra gallons of water for your home. Pressure tanks also help improve well efficiency by reducing the pumping cycle and therefore cutting down the amount of energy used.

Booster Sytems

Booster Systems are simply an accessory to your water system (be it from a well or city water) that helps boost your water pressure to your home’s taps and plumbing features. This can help regulate water pressure and resolve “drips” from faucets.

Any questions?

Contact Clear Water Well & Pump for advice on how water well pumps work and for assistance with installation of a system for your well.

Our team has over twenty-five years of professional experience and specialize in well pump installation, replacement, and repair.